Child’s question: ‘Who is GOD?’
Mother: GOD is within you. GOD is in smallest form of life. GOD is there who has faith in him/her self. GOD is the person, who solves problems, who renounce their selfish desire, who serve people.
Child: Adinath, Vishnu, Ram, Krishna, Mahavir all were men at their time?
They were use to eat, drink, think like we does? Why we consider them as GOD then?
Mother: To understand that, you have to learn history, have to learn politics, have to learn and feel people’s problems then you will understand why they were considered as GOD.
Child: Can you explain me?
Mother: If we see and look history of our nation, they all showed path for progress/ peaceful life. Their path was solution of problems at their time( respective era).
Let me explain from where I know.
Many years ago, Rishbha was a king. 8,400,000 purva (592.704 Quintillion Years Old)
In his time, people were not in the form of society. There was no culture defined.
He has identified
Asi (shastra vidya)
He formed society in his region/kingdom. It is the time when Vaidik Sanskriti was developed in parallel. (Rishabha is mentioned in the Hindu text of the Bhagavata Purana as an avatar of Vishnu.). Jain called them ‘GOD Adinath’.
People were co-operative and kind hearted that time. People had just started building society and was obeying leader as we obey our father with great faith and respect.
Although Rishbha took leadership to form society, there were problems about mental peace. Still misery was there. King Rishbha did meditation at his highest ability and attained kevlya. So, in his old life he showed the path of Moksha by gaining self control. One can achieve highest state of piece when conquer his/her inner enemies. Again his path was ‘solution of problem of mental peace’.
In parallel Vaidik sanskriti showed many Yoga/Dhyan achievements for mental peace.
But, all these good practice was limited with certain group. Still there were people living in forest and were unknown with such culture and progress. (People like Ravan who was worshiping Vishnu/Shiva but in his kingdom people were not cultured. There were no ethics when dealing with common people.)
Child: Interesting. Then what happened?
Mother: then Ram (7323 B.C.E) formed a society (Ram Rajya)
He is pictured as the ideal man and the perfect human. For the sake of his father’s honor, Rama abandons his claim to Kosala’s throne to serve an exile of fourteen years in the forest. His wife Sita and brother Lakshmana, unable to live without Rama decide to join him, and all three spend the fourteen years in exile together. This leads to the kidnapping of Sita by Ravana, the Rakshasa (Asura) monarch of Lanka. After a long and arduous search that tests his personal strength and virtue, Rama fights a colossal war against Ravana’s armies. In a war of powerful and magical beings, greatly destructive weaponry and battles, Rama slays Ravana in battle and liberates his wife. Having completed his exile, Rama returns to be crowned king in Ayodhya (the capital of his kingdom) and eventually becomes emperor, rules with happiness, peace, prosperity and justice—a period known as Rama Rajya.
Child: Then everywhere happiness must be there in our Nation. Right?
Means ‘Ram’ was a ‘Man’ who solved his personal problems, solved problems of people at his time. And established ‘Ram Rajya’ great!
Mother: Yes, my dear.
Child: then How Krishna is considered as GOD? He was also a man? He used to play like me right?
On his return to Mathura as a young man, Krishna overthrew and killed his uncle, Kansa, after avoiding several assassination attempts from Kansa’s followers. He reinstated Kansa’s father, Ugrasena, as the king of the Yadavas and became a leading prince at the court. During this period, he became a friend of Arjuna and the other Pandava princes of the Kuru kingdom, who were his cousins. Later, he took his Yadava subjects to the city of Dwaraka (in modern Gujarat) and established his own kingdom there.
Kurukshetra War and Bhagavad Gita
Once battle seemed inevitable, Krishna offered both sides the opportunity to choose between having either his army called narayani sena or himself alone, but on the condition that he personally would not raise any weapon. Arjuna, on behalf of the Pandavas, chose to have Krishna on their side, and Duryodhana, Kaurava chief, chose Krishna’s army. At the time of the great battle, Krishna acted as Arjuna’s charioteer, since this position did not require the wielding of weapons.
Upon arrival at the battlefield, and seeing that the enemies are his family, his grandfather, his cousins and loved ones, Arjuna becomes doubtful about fight. Krishna then advises him about the battle, with the conversation soon extending into a discourse which was later compiled as the Bhagavad Gita.
Child: Means Krishna was a ‘Man’ who solved his personal problems, solved problems of people at his time.
Krishna’s primary objective of reducing the growing power of the demons and relieving people from their cruelties. The secondary objective was fighting the historical battle in Kurukshetra in order to deliver justice to Pandavas. Having accomplished his missions and establishing peace ,
So, people started preaching/worshiping him as GOD, right?
Mother: Yes, after then that, for many years peaceful life we can presume in India (No major loss/misery etc).
Child: then why British people ruled us?
Mother: Yes, let me come to those challenges in society.
Somehow weak/evil mind people started ‘Tantra Vidya’ for selfish motive. Also to understand the universe, by curiosity star/planets movements/their effect on natural disaster etc weak mind people started believing in Horoscope blindly. Horoscope theory were started basically by recording for many good/bad events happens in everyone’s life , planet’s movements at that time and based on that few laws formed accordingly for prediction in future. This is called ‘Astrology’. Also, while worshiping GOD (Ram/Krishna/few more imaginary), people started ‘Pashu Bali’ inspired by blind faith or to fulfill selfish motive in terms of wealth or power etc.
Child: then, who gave right solution against that blind faith and misery? Education/School/University was not there that time?
Mother: Mahavira (599–527 BCE) and Buddha felt extreme pain about misery in society and performed meditation for many years to get the answer of this misery. Both came with an answer that there is ‘No Creator of the earth’. Gave concept about how one can ‘conquer their inner enemies (negative emotions) and can feel strength inside and can be in happiness state forever’ Both started philosophy about ‘compassion and Non-violence’. Their idea was people should come out of ‘fear of GOD’ and from foolish activity people started performing while worshiping like ‘Pashu Bali, Hom, Havan’ etc. They showed the path of ‘Right faith’,’Right knowledge’, and ‘Right Conduct’ can help you uplift yourself and one can reach at the state of ‘happiness forever’. That is called ‘Moksha’.
Child: How he could do this?
Mother: At the age of thirty Mahavira renounced his kingdom and family, gave up his worldly possessions, and spent twelve years as an ascetic. During these twelve years he spent most of his time meditating. He gave utmost regard to other living beings, including humans, animals and plants, and avoided harming them. He had given up all worldly possessions including his clothes, and lived an extremely austere life. He exhibited exemplary control over his senses while enduring the penance during these years. His courage and bravery earned him the name Mahavira. These were the golden years of his spiritual journey at the end of which he achieved arihant status.
Mahavira devoted the rest of his life to preaching the eternal truth of spiritual freedom to people around India. He travelled barefoot and without clothes, enduring harshest of climates, meeting people from all walks of life who came to listen to his message. At one point Mahavira had over 400,000 followers. Mahavira’s preaching and efforts to explain Jain philosophy is considered the real catalyst to the spread of this ancient religion throughout India.
Child: so, Mahavira was also a ‘Man’ who solved his personal problems (questions), solved problems (questions) of people at his time. He showed the path to come out of ‘Fear from GOD’. Gave principle about ‘Anekantvad, syadvad , gunanuvad to make us realize ‘we all are connected’ He showed the path that ‘GOD is there in living being. Right?
Mother: Yes, Dear, You understood right things. Thenafter for few years’ people were in mental peace. Brotherhood and value added life people started living called ‘Arya Sanskriti’.
But that was the time, when major challenges happened in India. Major challenges were related to ‘Nationality’. Major challenges were related to ‘Varna vyavastha became rigid and based on birth’; Major challenges were about ‘Greek attack’ and lake of values in people and in kings.
Mother: So, Chanakya (340–293 BCE) was an adviser to the first Maurya Emperor Chandragupta (c. 340–293 BCE), and was the chief architect of his rise to power. Kautilya and Vishnugupta, the names by which the ancient Indian political treatise called the Arthaśāstra identifies its author, are traditionally identified with Chanakya. Chanakya has been considered as the pioneer of the field of economics and political science. In the Western world, he has been referred to as The Indian Machiavelli, although Chanakya’s works predate Machiavelli’s by about 1,800 years. Chanakya was a teacher in Takṣaśila, an ancient centre of learning, and was responsible for the creation of Mauryan empire, the first of its kind on the Indian subcontinent. His works were lost near the end of the Gupta dynasty and not rediscovered until 1915.
Child: So, again here a ‘Man’ who solved his personal problems, solved problems of people at his time. Then why we are not worshiping him as ‘GOD?’
Mother: We don’t consider him GOD because he wrote many things by himself (called Chanakya Niti). By that time, education system was in shape so; people didn’t consider him a GOD. Kautilya’s role in the formation of the Mauryan Empire is the essence of a historical/spiritual novel The Courtesan and the Sadhu by Dr. Mysore N. Prakash
Child: Was he teacher and Politian both? Wow!
Mother: Yes, although education system was in shape, but people could still not come out of ‘Varna Vyavastha’. Many blind faith and dominating nature and traditions were there in practice on the name of religion. By that time, we forgot real ‘Vaidik sanskriti’. We started worshiping GOD in the form of Idols. Jain and Hindu both made those mistakes.
Child: then who was our next GOD? I mean main ‘National Hero’ or leader?
Mother: 2 main strong minded/knowledgeable people came and solve problems at that time (that era). But many other leaders were also there as a freedom fighter. Many people renounced their selfish desire to serve people or to save Nation.
Child: Who they were?
Mother: On Mythology front we got great man called Swami Vivekananda (Sanskrit: स्वामी विवेकानन्द Bengali: স্বামী বিবেকানন্দ, Shami Bibekānondo) (January 12, 1863–July 4, 1902), born Narendranath Dutta (Bengali: নরেন্দ্রনাথ দত্ত) was the chief disciple of the 19th century mystic Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and the founder of Ramakrishna Mission. He is considered a key figure in the introduction of Hindu philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga in Europe and America and is also credited with raising interfaith awareness, bringing Hinduism to the status of a world religion during the end of the 19th century. Vivekananda is considered to be a major force in the revival of Hinduism in modern India. He is perhaps best known for his inspiring speech beginning with “Sisters and Brothers of America”, through which he introduced Hinduism at the Parliament of the World’s Religions at Chicago in 1893. Swami Vivekananda was born in an aristocratic Bengali family of Calcutta in 1863. Swami’s parents influenced his thinking—the father by his rational mind and the mother by her religious temperament. From his childhood, he showed inclination towards spirituality and God realization. While searching for a man who could directly demonstrate the reality of God, he came to Ramakrishna and became his disciple. As a guru, Ramakrishna taught him Advaita Vedanta (non-dualism) and that all religions are true and service to man was the most effective worship of God. After the death of his Guru, Vivekananda became a wandering monk, touring the Indian subcontinent and getting first-hand knowledge of India’s condition. He later sailed to Chicago and represented India as a delegate in the 1893 Parliament of World Religions. An eloquent speaker, Vivekananda was invited to several forums in the United States and spoke at universities and clubs. He conducted hundreds of public and private lectures and classes, disseminating Vedanta and Yoga in America, England and a few other countries in Europe. He also established the Vedanta societies in America and England. Later he sailed back to India and in 1897 founded the Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission, a philanthropic and spiritual organization.
Child: Again here a ‘Man’, Who Gave strength especially at the time when British people were ruling India, he taught and spread ‘real vaidik Sanskriti’. A man who showed what is real ‘Vedanta science’ to the world and showed the path of serving people by considering all religious are true.
Child: Then who was another political hero?
Mother: In parallel Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was the pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement. He pioneered satyagraha. This is defined as resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, a philosophy firmly founded upon ahimsa, or total nonviolence. This concept helped India to gain independence, and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. Gandhi is often referred to as Mahatma Gandhi ([məɦaːt̪maː]; Sanskrit: महात्मा mahātmā or “Great Soul”, an honorific first applied to him by Rabindranath Tagore). In India he is also called Bapu (Gujarati: બાપુ, bāpu or “Father”). He is officially honored in India as the Father of the Nation; his birthday, 2 October, is commemorated there as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday, and worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence. Gandhi was assassinated on 30 January 1948 by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu Nationalist.
Gandhi first employed civil disobedience while an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, during the resident Indian community’s struggle there for civil rights. After his return to India in 1915, he organized protests by peasants, farmers, and urban laborers concerning excessive land-tax and discrimination. After assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns to ease poverty, expand women’s rights, build religious and ethnic amity, end untouchability, and increase economic self-reliance. Above all, he aimed to achieve Swaraj or the independence of India from foreign domination. Gandhi famously led his followers in the Non-cooperation movement that protested the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km (240 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930. Later, in 1942, he launched the Quit India civil disobedience movement demanding immediate independence for India. Gandhi spent a number of years in jail in both South Africa and India.
As a practitioner of ahimsa, Gandhi swore to speak the truth and advocated that others do the same. He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven from yarn that he had spun by hand himself. He ate simple vegetarian food, experimented for a time with a fruitarian diet, and undertook long fasts as a means of both self-purification and social protest.
Child: Again here a ‘Man’, who solved his personal problem, solved problems of people at his time. We don’t consider last few centuries great leaders as a GOD because media was there by that time. Instead of creating Granth in Prakrit and Sanskrit, by that time, we made a film on our ‘Hero’.
Mother: Yes, my dear. You understood very well now. That’s the reason, Education is important. Know history/problems and about great people who gave solution in their era.
Child: Means Our History shows us path of serving people, mental peace, issues and solutions. No one was/is GOD. One who felt acute pain about people’s problems, acute pain about blind faith in common people. They raised their voice. Did meditation, renounced their selfish small desire and lived for people. They lived with vision. Lived in present and solved problems at their Time. We consider them either as GOD or as Leader or Guru. Now, who will be our Next ‘Hero or GOD?’
Mother: Now, after seeing this whole history, the point is, in today’s world/present India, again new GOD has to come or may be around. There are many problems in present India. Like Corruption/Injustice/Population/Blind faith/ blind western culture followers etc.
We educated people/youth have to learn right things. Adopt moral values. Have to uplift our self and come out of blind faith/weakness of mind. In this Internet Era now it is important to understand and respect different cultures. Have to learn discipline life. Have to be ‘hard working’. Have to renounce selfish desire and cherish brotherhood. Live in present and learn technology, politics. Feel the pain about present India’s problems and think solution about how we can solve that. ‘You too can be next ‘Hero’. Someone will call you as GOD; someone will call you a ‘Leader’.
© Hiral Shah
please give your valuable comments.
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